The first important
results in frames of using the radiophysical
methods in medicine were a development of empirical classification of spectra
of the human body low-frequency fluctuations under the action of heart
contractions, i.e. of ballistocardiogramms spectra
I.K.Spiridonova), and of heart sounds spectra, i.e.
of phonocardiogramms spectra (V.A.Zverev,
Ya.G.Ljubavin), as well as the velocity measurement
of electrical pulses propagation in the bunches of nervous filaments, based
on correlation method of noise processes analysis (A.V.Zeveke).
Already from the 70-th medium the IAP work in the field of radiophysical methods in medicine were concentrated,
basically, on the development of ultrasonic location methods to study the
structure and movements of heart, vessels, blood and tissues (I.I.Shmelev, A.D.Mansfeld), on
the quantitative studies of vibroacoustical
activity in cardiovascular and in locomotive systems (N.M.Anishkina,
V.A.Antonets), as well as on the modeling of
oscillatory, wave and autowave processes in
vessels, nervous and muscle tissues (V.G.Yakhno, V.A.Antonets, B.N.Klochkov,
At present the division of Radiphysical Methods
in Medicine leads the following directions of work.
methods to study biological systems.
Studies of the
human senso-motor scope are led here on the base of
studies of limbs tremor (V.A.Antonets, N.M.Anishkina) as well as studies of the mechano-acoustical parameters of biological soft tissues
and of their forming mechanisms (V.V.Kazakov, B.N.Klochkov, A.V.Sokolov, E.M.Timanin), studies of acoustical emission of contracting muscles (V.A.Antonets, B.N.Klochkov) and
some other work.
Ultrasonic methods to study biological systems.
of methods of acousto-optical ant acousto-termometric tomography is led here (A.D.Mansfeld, A.M.Reyman, A.G.Kirillov, E.V.Krotov), as
well as the development of methods to measure the viscosity of small doses of
biological fluids (A.G.Sanin) and the design of
principles of ultrasonic measuring systems (A.V.Shishkov,
Application of vibroacoustical
methods for solving some physical and technical problems.
of methods of nonlinear vibroacoustical diagnostics
of cracklike defects in rods and plates (V.V.Kazakov) is led here, as well as the development of
tools to measure and to manage parameters of pulsed chemical reactors (A.D.Mansfeld, A.M.Reyman), the
use of analysis methods of dynamics of active systems for the technical
diagnostics (technical vision, artificial sensor channels, man-machine
interfaces) and for biotechnology (V.G.Yakhno, V.A.Antonets) and development of linear reconstructive
systems of nondestructive testing (A.M.Reyman, A.V.Shishkov).